Speech Milestones

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 0 to 3 Months

  • Will react to loud sounds
  • Recognizes your voice
  • Coos and/or smiles when he or she sees you
  • Develops different cries to meet various needs
  • Produces vowel like sounds
  • Makes pleasure sounds

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 4 to 6 Months

  • Follows sounds with his or her eyes
  • Laughs and/or Notices toys that make sounds and music
  • Produce a few back sound consonants (g or k)
  • Recognizes changes of tone of your voice
  • Babbles using more vowel sounds and more consonants (p,b or m)
  • Begins to copy sounds while babbling
  • Smiles when he or she sees you
  • Develops different cries to meet various needs
  • Yells, squeals and growls with some pitch changes

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 7 to 12 Months

  • Repetitive long and short sounds (dada, tata, bibi)
  • Consistent pitch changes with meaning
  • Turns and looks in the direction of sounds
  • Listens more attentively
  • Understands common words like: momma, dadda, cup, and juice
  • Responds to commands or questions: (i.e. “Come here”, “want more?)
  • Knows a couple of words and exclamations (i.e. Ooh, Ahh, hi, baba, mamma, dadda, dog).
  • Communicates with hand gestures (i.e. waves, lifts arms to be picked up)
  • Develops different cries to meet various needs
  • Yells, squeals, growls and gurgles with some pitch changes
  • Non-repetitive babbling begins (i.e. Ba-ga-de, go-do-da-di)

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 12 to 24 Months

  • First words (10-15 months)
  • Holophrastic speech (A single word expresses a complex idea – “Ball” means “I want the ball” or “Where is the ball?”) Phases (uh-oh, all gone, no no, bye-bye)
  • Uses many consonant sounds at the beginning  of words
  • Knows a few body parts
  • Follows simple commands or questions (Roll the ball, walk to me, where’s your nose?)
  • Enjoys hearing simple songs, stories and rhymes
  • Can point to pictures in a book when asked (Where’s the ball?)
  • Adds new words constantly
  • Uses one or two word sentences (Where dada? Go bye, bye, want up, no cookie, no juice)
  • Non-repetitive babbling begins (Ba-ga-de, go-d0-da-di)
  • Knows a couple of words and exclamations (Ooh, Ahh, hi, baba, mamma, dadda, dog)

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 3 to 4 Years

  • Answers simple questions (Who?, What?, Where? and Why?)
  • Talks about daily activities
  • Uses sentences with four or more words
  • Speaks easily without having to repeat syllables or words
  • Follows simple commands or questions (Roll the ball, walk to me, where’s your nose?)
  • Enjoys hearing simple songs, stories and rhymes
  • Can point to pictures in a book when asked (Where’s the ball?)
  • Adds new words constantly
  • Uses one or two word sentences (Where dada? Go bye, bye, want up, no cookie, no juice)
  • Non-repetitive babbling begins (Ba-ga-de, go-d0-da-di)
  • Knows a couple of words and exclamations (Ooh, Ahh, hi, baba, mamma, dadda, dog)

Speech and Language Development Milestones for Ages 4 to 10 Years

  • (4 years old) Can say the following sounds correctly (b, d, f, g ,h, k, m, n, p, t, y).
  • (4 years old) Might still make errors with (l, r, s and th)
  • (4 years old) Can be understood by family members and non-family.
  • (4 years old) Most phonological processes should stop.
  • (5 years old) All phonological processes should stop.
  • (6 years old) Correctly produce the following sounds (l, j, v, ch, sh).
  • (6 years old) Errors can still occur commonly for sounds like (s,r,z,th) but should be decreasing.
  • (7 years old) 100% understandable.
  • (8 years old) Errors can still occur commonly for sounds like (s,r,z,th) but should be decreasing.
  • (9 and 10 years old) Says all sounds now including (s,r,z and th)
  • (9 and 10 years old) Might have some trouble with difficult words like (Aluminum, whistle, adjective, scissors, spaghetti)
  • (10 and 11 years old) There should be no speech problems by this age with the exception of the r sound which can be a lingering issue.

Speech Milestones